The novelist, poet, essayist, translator, playwright and, primarily, theologizing philosopher Nikos Kazantzakis (1883-1957), is perhaps the most Widely read modern Greek author of recent years in Greece and abroad. At the same time, Kazantzakis, was and continues to be a controversial topic not so much for his literary skill-this has received worldwide recognition and is hardly challenged even by his critics as for the ideas expressed in his works and through the sum of his work It is his philosophical ideas, which he puts in the mouth of his heroes in such a lively, convincing and vivid way, that some find appealing and some repelling.
So far, though, the studies fail to reveal where Kazantzakis draws much of his disparate, often contradictory and provocative ideas. It could certainly be argued that they are purely his own, personal beliefs. And indeed they are. His metaphysical raft is polyphonic. But the roots of his ideas must be sought elsewhere. The material presented in the present essay, aims be informative rather than evaluative. The readers are invited to draw their own conclusions.